Canada Research Chairs
The Faculty of Science at Carleton is home to six Canada Research Chairs with appointments in Biology, Environmental Science, Physics, Computer Science, and Neuroscience - a testament to the depth of talent across the Faculty.
About Canada Research Chairs
The Canada Research Chairs Program (CRCP) stands at the centre of a national strategy to make Canada one of the world's top countries in research and development. In 2000, the Government of Canada created a permanent program to establish 2,000 research professorships—Canada Research Chairs—in eligible degree-granting institutions across the country. The CRCP invests approximately $265 million per year to attract and retain some of the world's most accomplished and promising minds.
Chairholders aim to achieve research excellence in engineering and the natural sciences, health sciences, humanities, and social sciences. They improve our depth of knowledge and quality of life, strengthen Canada's international competitiveness, and help train the next generation of highly skilled people through student supervision, teaching, and the coordination of other researchers' work. - Retrieved from http://www.chairs-chaires.gc.ca/home-accueil-eng.aspx
Canada Research Chair in Particle Astrophysics and Subatomic Physics
Starting in 2016, the DEAP-3600 experiment (SNOLAB, Sudbury) began searching for particles of mysterious dark matter that pervades the universe. With this detector, the sensitivity for this kind of measurement will be improved by 20 times. This may enable a discovery, which for the first time would let researchers see the 80 per cent of matter in the universe that so far has remained invisible. Boulay’s research will use the DEAP-3600 detector and a facility developed at Carleton to pursue the development of next-generation experiments, allowing leading-edge materials and detector characterization, and development of ultra-low background techniques.
Canada Research Chair in Human Oriented Computer Security
Sonia Chiasson explores, designs and tests new methods of safeguarding privacy and computer security in relation to human-computer interaction. Chiasson’s research has already led to quick-to-read educational material about how Internet attacks work and why protective action is required against malware, which infects the computer and may steal personal information automatically.
Canada Research Chair in Fish Ecology and Conservation Physiology
Steven J. Cooke’s research on the survival, protection and management of Canada’s fisheries forms the foundation of science-based guidelines, policy and sustainability strategies in both marine and freshwater systems in Canada and abroad. Canada’s fisheries are valued at more than $10 billion annually. Fish stocks are declining due to environmental changes and tied to human interaction.Science-based fisheries guidelines, policies and management strategies are important to protect marine and freshwater systems.
Canada Research Chair in Machine Learning
As the technology of the Internet, social networks and the huge amount of free data available to the general public has grown, Yuhong Guo increasingly sees the potential of machine learning methods to analyze the “big data” of domains, languages and so many other resources, and to build knowledge bases for the benefit of corporations, organizations and governments. Everyone uses digital devices today, and yet we still rely on humans to label data and to guide the process. What if machines could automatically learn useful skills by interacting with data that is already freely available?” she asks. “My aim is to develop automatic data analysis and to reduce our dependence on human input.”
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Neurobiology
Salmaso’s work analyzes behavioral, biological and molecular factors that can influence and improve cognitive and emotional outcomes among those with developmentally delayed or diminished neurological capability and mental illnesses.Advanced medicine has improved the survival rate among prematurely born children, the aged and people with brain injuries, however, their quality of life remains below average and plagued with psychological and neurological pathology. Research into the molecular and biological underpinnings of brain function will provide for therapies to improve cognitive impairment.
Canada Research Chair in Molecular Physiology
Ken Storey investigates the genetic and regulatory factors of metabolism that allow animals to endure severe environmental challenges with a special focus on the molecular mechanisms that control hibernation and freezing survival. Knowledge of metabolic programming in animals helps understand options and limitations for survival in the face of challenges such as pollution and climate change.
Canada Research Chair in Radiotherapy Physics
Rowan Thomson designs and applyies computer-based mathematical models to develop accurate calculations for effective radiation therapy for cancer treatment. No known uniformly accurate, fast, comprehensive calculation packages are currently available to help plan radiation treatment that targets a tumour but leaves normal tissue unharmed. Thomson's research will improve cancer treatment with precise dose calculations with a goal to maximizing the cancer cell kill rate.
Paul Van Oorschot
Canada Research Chair in Internet Authentication and Computer Security
Paul Van Oorschot advances the understanding of authentication technologies and designs better software mechanisms including user identity management, authentication infrastructure for computer use, and security for mobile devices. Mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets, now outstrip personal computer sales, and require specialized security features different from those designed principally for desktops. Stronger machine-to-machine and user authentication are an essential component to offset computer-related security threats.